One of the factors that determine the origin, quality, and taste of wines is the grape from which it is made. Viticulture is a branch of horticulture concerned with the cultivation of grapes for winemaking. Winemakers consider most importantly the aspect of viticulture in their production process by choosing the varieties that will thrive will in their growing region. Grapes for wine production have two main types: red and white. The most familiar red grape varieties are Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, and Tempranillo while the most familiar white varieties are Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, and Gewurztraminer.
Let’s take a look at some of these important types.
Red Grape Types
Cabernet Franc is a red sort regularly found in Bordeaux, France. Cabernet Franc is a significant kind utilized in formulating mixes of a few wines found in different regions of the world. Well-known wines that were sourced from this grape are the Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot. It might have a peppery taste with tobacco, raspberry or coffee dependent on the district where it is made from. The 100% Cabernet Franc varietal wine produced using this grape can be found in couple of areas of the world. The most ancient is the Loire Valley in France, and as of late in the Washington, California and Carolina conditions of the United States.
Cabernet Sauvignon grape originally started from Bordeaux, France. It is a blended kind from two parental hybrids of Cabernet Franc and Sauvignon Blanc. Since it was first made known over numerous hundreds of years back, it has been embraced in several regions of the world. Wines produced using this grape have been found with exceptional taste and fragrance. The development of this grape has stretched out from Europe to other winemaking areas around the world. Cabernet Sauvignon is presently a significant sort developed and utilized as a mix in California, the state creating over 90% of U.S. wines.
Merlot known for its intense and rich fruity red color is one of the significant red grape types with its source originating from the Bordeaux in France. The taste is like Cabernet with the fragrances of blackberry, cassis berries, chocolate, and coffee. Merlot is like Cabernet yet with less tannin content that gives it the fine flavor and taste. Merlot grapes are developed as a noteworthy sort in Chile, Italy, and the United States.
Syrah grape is a red sort that took its starting point from the Rhône wine district in Northern France. The grape has been embraced as the primary sort for winemakers in nations like Australia and South Africa. Hermitage and Cote Rotie vintage wines produced using Syrah grapes energized a few people from Australia on a visit to France to discover progressively about the grape. They took the Syrah grape along to Australia where it is locally called Shiraz. The wines produced using Syrah are well known in light of the fact that they come in various styles. Ideal and delightful wines with ready plums and blackberry natural products express the diverse qualities of the locale they originate from, for example, flavors and pepper from cold atmospheres, for example, the Yarra Valley and Adelaide Hills of Australia.
The Pinot Noir grape type is indigenous to the Burgundy region in France, which offers probably best quality red wines to date. A few nations have imported Pinot Noir into its wine-production industry. This has made the grape gain its popularity after some time with top quality wines from California, Oregon, New Zealand, and numerous other new wine developing regions.
With many of the red grape types beginning from France, Tempranillo is a red grape that took its origin from Spain and used to create delectable Spanish red wines. Regardless of its origin from Spain, it has been developed by viticulturists in America, Australia, and South Africa. Tempranillo grows earlier than other grape types which improve its flavor, taste, and quality. Wines produced using Tempranillo has a decent flavor, for example, plum, tobacco, cedar, and vanilla. Tempranillo is developed in all wine regions of Spain, yet particularly in the cooler districts of the northern La Rioja and Valdepenas. The Spanish Conquistadors took the grape seeds to different parts of Europe and America without any differences in the flavor and taste as those developed in Spain.
White Grape Types
Sauvignon Blanc is a white sort from the Bordeaux, France. Sauvignon Blanc is coined from two French words “Sauvage” (wild) and “blanc” (white). Sauvignon blanc is planted in many wine-developing areas of the world and is known for its crisp, dry and reviving flavor. Wines produced using Sauvignon offers a wide scope of flavors from home grown to citrus and tropical shades which express the distinctive attributes of the locale from which they are made. Sauvignon blanc is a principal white sort that can be found in numerous locales of Europe, America, and Australia.
Chardonnay is another significant white grape utilized in the creation of a few mixes of white wine and is found nearly in all areas of the world. The grape started from Burgundy, France. The wines produced using Chardonnay grape has diverse taste and flavor dependent on the region from which they are made. Chardonnay is a various grape type that has been made known to a few different nations outside France, for example, England, New Zealand, Australia, and the United States.
Gewürztraminer is white grape and it isn’t as common compared with Sauvignon blanc and Chardonnay. Its cultivation began as a mutant cross from traminer also called Sauvignon blanc in northern Italy. Traminer is an old grape from Tramin a der Weinstraße, a German-speaking part of Italy. Gewürztraminer has distinctive characteristics and easy to recognize from its floral to fruity aroma for many wine connoisseurs. It has an exceptional fragrance of flower petal, gardenia, honeysuckle, lychee, grapefruit, peach, and mango. Gewürztraminer albeit is grown basically in Alsace, France but it has been made known to different nations like New Zealand, Australia, and the United States. Wines made with Gewürztraminer grape offers loads of tasty flavors and health benefits.