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50 Tips on Growing Tomato

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One of the easiest but very challenging to grow in the garden is tomato, especially for beginners. But once you harvest your first fruits, you will be satisfied and happy. Here are 50 tips for all tomato lovers.

  1. There are two types of tomato:
    • This is a type that when they reach a certain height , they will set and riper their fruit all at once.
    • Those are plants that just keep growing and it may even reach 6 feet or more.
  2. Sunlight requirement. Tomato is a sun-lover and it needs at least 8-10 hours of sunlight. You need to grow your tomatoes in a location that has direct sunlight. The warmer your seedlings are kept, the faster they will grow.
  3. Seed germination. Tomato seed germinated quickly, usually within 5-10 days. If you are growing tomato from seed, you should start sowing your seeds 6 weeks before planting them outside.
  4. Tomatoes must have enough space between plants for air flow and to avoid any diseases that may encounter later. At least 2 feet apart is needed space for tomato.
  5. Start feeding your tomato seedlings when it has true leaves.
  6. Strengthen tomato plant. Winds help tomato grow stronger.
  7. When transplanting, plant the tomato deeper.
  8. Water regularly to avoid blossom end rot and cracking.
  9. Water at least once a week especially during hot summer days
  10. Pinch and remove suckers. They take up valuable energy from the developing fruit
  11. Use tomato cage or stake to support your plants.
  12. Build stakes at the time of transplanting. Stakes keeps developing tomato fruit off the ground.
  13. Remove the bottom leaves to avoid getting any diseases from the soil.
  14. Add some compost when tomato is starting to ripen
  15. Pinch the top of the main stems to encourage more energy going into flowering
  16. Pick your tomato when they are full size and ripe
  17. Grow at least 5 of your favorite varieties
  18. Use companion planting such as Basil or nasturtiums
  19. Water only the soil and not the plant. This is to avoid any diseases.
  20. Tomato loves potassium, when it started to bloom, give them seaweed feed every week.
  21. Watering should be done regularly to encourage steady growth.
  22. Avoid overhead watering.
  23. Watering should be at the base of the plant.
  24. Water in the morning to dry their leaves before evening
  25. If your tomato has crack, it means it is getting much moisture and nutrients. Cut back on the water and fertilizer a bit.
  26. Tomatoes are sensitive to place and weather.
  27. If you notice brown or black spots, it is early blight which is a disease that disfigures old leaves. Remove the leaves immediately to stop spreading to the rest of the plant. Keep the leaves dry.
  28. Remove leaves infected by any fungal disease.
  29. Spread mulch over the soil and spray fungicide before any disease gets too bad.
  30. Remove leaves infected by verticillium and fusarium as soon as you see them. This is when your tomato leaves started turning yellow before wiling and turning brown, This is caused by fungi in the soil that enter through young roots.
  31. Always keep an eye on your tomato for pests and plant diseases.
  32. Practice crop rotation at least once every two years. Many tomato plant diseases and tomato pests lurk in the soil
  33. To avoid Septoria leaf spot, avoid overcrowding your tomato plants and do not wet its leaves.
  34. To prevent anthracnose, avoid overcrowding and avoid overhead watering.
  35. To avoid Mosaic virus do not hold the plants especially if you are smoking because anyone who uses tobacco can easily transmit the disease. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap to cut the risk of infection. Avoid the virus by not replanting in areas that previously hosted the problem
  36. If you started the seedlings indoor, harden off the plants before transplanting them outside.
  37. Water generously during the first few days of transplant
  38. Mulch tomato five weeks after transplanting to retain moisture
  39. To help tomatoes through period of drought, find some flat rocks and place one next to each plant. The rocks pull up water from under the ground and keep it from evaporating into the atmosphere.
  40. Apply organic fertilizer two weeks prior to first picky and two weeks after first picking
  41. Use Epsom salt for your tomato to have a sweeter and tastier fruit. 
  42. If there are aphids, spray cold water on the leaves with aphids to dislodge them.
  43. Remove aphids by spraying chilli pepper, a few drops of dishwashing detergent and water.
  44. Use parasitic wasps to avoid leaf miner
  45. Use ladybugs to feed on the aphids
  46. Check for tomato hornworms, pick them up and destroy them
  47. Some people are using alcohol against aphid but do it in the evening and always test a small area first.
  48. Pick tomato when they are firm and very red in color
  49. Do not refrigerate fresh tomato in order to keep its freshness and will not spoil its flavor and texture.
  50. Collect the seeds to be planted next season.

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