In order to survive and thrive, plants need three essential elements, these are water, a medium to grow, and sunlight. Sunlight is essential for photosynthesis and it only takes place during the day. Photosynthesis enables plants to produce food from sunlight. However, too much sunlight can kill our plants. As farmer and gardener, we must understand the needs of our plants. How much sunlight do they need to survive? Some plants require only 3-4 hours and some requires as much as 8 hours of sunlight. Here are the list of vegetables and how much sunlight they need.
Plants that requires a little sunlight (3-4 hours per day)
Leafy vegetables do not require much sunlight. Plants such as arugula, kale, spinach, lettuce, parsley, cabbage and mustards require around 3-4 hours of sunlight a day.
Vegetables that requires medium sunlight (4-6 hours per day)
Roots vegetables such as carrots, broccoli, Radish, and potato require medium sunlight. They require around 4-6 hours of sunlight per day.
Vegetables that requires high sunlight (6-8 hours per day)
Most of the fruiting vegetables require full sun. Vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, melons, cucumber, beans, squash are some of the vegetables that love sun so much that they require at least 6-8 hours of sunlight per day.
If you will buy seeds, make sure that the sunlight requirement is written at the back or at least ask your seller in order not to waste your seeds. However, just remember that leafy vegetables require low sunlight (3-4 hours), roots vegetables require medium sunlight (5-6 hours) and fruiting vegetables require high sunlight (6-8 hours). For your information, a full sunlight is 6-8 hours of direct sunlight each day. Partial sun/partial shade is less than 6 hours of sunlight and Shade means no direct sunlight.
For people who are not aware where sun rises, it always rises in the east and sets in the west. The sun is most intense between 10:00 in the morning until 4:00 in the afternoon.
While sunlight is essential to most of the plants, there are also vegetables that you can grow without full sunlight.